Qaddafi, Muammar

(1942- )
   Colonel Muammar Qaddafi seized power in Libya in 1969 and has ruled there ever since as an eccentric, radical Arab leader. Until recently his support for international terrorism and isolation from most other world leaders because of his maverick reputation made him an easy target for international sanctions from the United States acting through the United Nations. Despite these unsavory characteristics, Qaddafi was and remains admired by some as a sincere, romantic Arab nationalist. He certainly is not the notorious killer and danger to world peace Saddam Hussein was. In recent years, Qaddafi largely managed to shed his terrorist image and reach an accommodation with the United States and the rest of the West. In February 2009, he was elected chairman of the 53-state African Union.
   For the Kurds Qaddafi has long held a unique place among Arab leaders as the only one who has called for Kurdish independence. In October 1996, for example, Qaddafi caused an uproar in Turkey when he told the visiting Turkish prime minister, Necmettin Erbakan, that Turkey's Kurds should have independence. Many, however, simply dismissed this position as another example of Qad-dafi's eccentricity.
   When Turkey finally captured Abdullah Ocalan, the leader of the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) in February 1999, Qaddafi released a lengthy statement comparing Ocalan's capture to earlier failed Ottoman attempts to stamp out Arab revolutionaries. The Libyan leader then declared: "To my Kurdish brothers . . . do not weaken or be sad for the more your enemy spills your blood the more he adds fuel to the fire of the Kurdish revolution. Denying the right of nations to independence constitutes an act of ignorance and shows superficiality, selfishness and ignorance of history."

Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. .

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  • Qaddafi, Muammar al- — or Muʽammar al Qadhdhāfī born 1942, Surt, Libya Ruler of Libya from 1969. Son of a Bedouin farmer, he was born in a tent in the desert. He graduated from the University of Libya and Libya s military academy and was a devout Muslim and ardent… …   Universalium

  • Qaddafi,Muammar al- — Qad·da·fi or Qa·dha·fi or Kha·da·fy (kə däʹfē) or Gad·da·fi (gə ), Muammar al or el Born 1942. Libyan political leader who seized power in a military coup d état against the Libyan monarchy (1969) and imposed socialist policies and Islamic… …   Universalium

  • Gaddafi/Qaddafi, Muammar al- —  (1942–) Libyan head of state (1969–). He has no official title or position …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Muammar Gaddafi — Muammar al Gaddafi Gaddafi im April 2008 mit Wladimir Putin Muammar Abu Minyar al Gaddafi oder Mu ammar Abu Minyar al Qaddhafi ( …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Qaddafi — noun Libyan leader who seized power in a military coup d etat in 1969; deposed the Libyan monarchy and imposed socialism and Islamic orthodoxy on the country (born in 1942) • Syn: ↑Qadhafi, ↑Khadafy, ↑Gaddafi, ↑Muammar al Qaddafi, ↑Muammar el… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Muammar al-Gaddafi — beim Gipfeltreffen der Afrikanischen Union 2009 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Muammar al-Gaddafi — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Muammar al Gaddafi Muammar al Gaddafi en 2009 …   Wikipedia Español

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